Damascus (Arabic:دمشقDimashq IPA:[ˈdiːmaːʃq]) is the capital and the second-largest city of Syria after Aleppo. It is commonly known in Syria as ash-Sham (Arabic:الشامash-Shām) and nicknamed as the City of Jasmine (Arabic:مدينة الياسمينMadīnat al-Yāsmīn). In addition to being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Damascus is a major cultural and religious center of the Levant. The city has an estimated population of 1,711,000 as of 2009.
Located in southwestern Syria, Damascus is the center of a large metropolitan area of 2.6 million people (2004). Geographically embedded on the eastern foothills of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range 80 kilometres (50mi) inland from the eastern shore of the Mediterranean on a plateau 680 metres (2,230ft) above sea-level, Damascus experiences a semi-arid climate because of the rain shadow effect. The Barada River flows through Damascus.
First settled in the second millennium BC, it was chosen as the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate from 661 to 750. After the victory of the Abbasid dynasty, the seat of Islamic power was moved to Baghdad. Damascus saw a political decline throughout the Abbasid era, only to regain significant importance in the Ayyubid and Mamluk periods. During Ottoman rule, the city decayed while maintaining a certain cultural prestige. Today, it is the seat of the central government and all of the government ministries.
Damascus-SANA The Old Damascus Directorate, in cooperation with the local community, launched a campaign entitled “Restoring the Shine of the Old City” with the aim of cleaning up, restoring and maintaining its markets and main axes.
Residents of Damascus resort to buying bones as an alternative to meats, which are sold within popular markets such as Bab Sreijeh market, al-Darawish street, and others, with a complete absence of supply control monitoring.
31 (Xinhua) -- Abu Mohammad Salameh, a Syrian refugee currently living in eastern Amman, failed to settle down in his hometown near the Syrian capital Damascus due to the country's battered labor market amid the years of conflict.
This page contains a video which is being blocked by your ad blocker ... But he said one thing hasn’t changed ... Among his proudest accomplishments, said Jones, is the closing down of an open-air drug market that plagued a community in Damascus.
Congestion in a clothing store in the al-Hamidiyah market in the Syrian capital, Damascus – April 15, 2023 (Tishreen newspaper). Al-Hamidiyah market in Damascus – July 24, 2023 (Sarah al-Ahmad\Enab Baladi).
The Egyptian market is a long, interwoven market with multiple intersections, very similar to the archaeological markets in Damascus, such as the Hamidiya bazaar next to the Damascus Citadel in the ...